CCS (carbon capture and storage) in the industry

Reducing CO2 emissions in the cement industry is key to meeting the climate goals

Reducing carbon emissions in the cement sector is key to achieving a zero carbon footprint in the construction sector. Decarbonisation is an important tool to help achieve the climate goals and guidelines imposed by European Union legislation, including the removal of free CO2 allowances in 2034.

Is it possible to completely reduce CO2 emissions in the cement sector?

Clinker is a basic ingredient of cement. The Polish cement sector is among the most modern in Europe. Since the 1990s it has invested more than PLN 10 billion in modernising its plants. However, the cement production process is inextricably linked to the sintering of limestone, which causes CO2 emissions. No other cement production technology exists. Despite the elimination of assorted emissions that surround the process itself, the cement industry still emits CO2 during the sintering of limestone.

Currently, the only method available to completely reduce carbon emissions is the CCS/CCUS technology. Therefore, it is recommended for use in the high-carbon cement industry and crucial to achieving carbon neutrality in energy-intensive industries.

CCS (carbon capture and storage) is the process of reducing atmospheric emissions of carbon dioxide from point sources of emissions, such as power plants and factory chimneys.

CCUS is the technology of capturing, transporting, using or utilising of, and storing CO2.

CCS in industry

Carbon dioxide can be captured directly from an industrial source, such as a cement kiln, using a variety of methods, including absorption, adsorption, chemical looping, membrane gas separation, and gas hydration. The Kujawy Cement Plant will use Air Liquide's Cryocap™ FG cryogenic technology, which will make it possible to eliminate all CO2 emissions caused by cement production, as part of the Kujawy Go4ECOPlanet project.

CCS is being implemented in various industries around the world, in countries like the USA, China, Norway, France and the Netherlands among others. Holcim Group is currently implementing 20 pilot projects of this kind in various countries. According to the Global CCS Institute, almost 100 carbon capture and storage facilities were being built or in operation worldwide in the late 2020. In total, they captured around 40 million tonnes of CO2 per year.

New jobs

According to some studies, the development of CCS may generate a total of as many as 50,000 jobs worldwide. Thanks to projects like Kujawy Go4ECOPlanet, Poland can take a leading position in the field of carbon capture.

Potential for replication on a European scale

The Kujawy Go4ECOPlanet project is a milestone in the decarbonisation of an entire chain in the construction sector. Industrial-scale application of the Cryocap™ technology will make it possible to replicate this CCS technology in other industries across Europe.

A decarbonisation initiative

The Kujawy Go4ECOPlanet project is part of the sustainable development strategy at Holcim and Holcim Group, whose objectives include a comprehensive decarbonisation of industrial processes.

Zero-emission cement plant

The Kujawy Go4ECOPlanet project is part of the sustainable development strategy at Holcim Poland and Holcim Group, whose main objectives include a comprehensive decarbonisation of industrial processes.

Already in 2027, the Kujawy Cement Plant will become the first zero-emission cement plant in Poland and among the first ones in the world.

The implementation of the Kujawy Go4ECOPlanet project will eliminate approximately 10 million tonnes of CO2 over 10 years, or one million CO2 tonnes per year.

Important goals of the project include the promotion of CCS use in other industries, especially energy-intensive ones, and the ability to replicate it in other industrial plants.

In Europe, work on CCS is ongoing in Sweden, Germany, Norway and Belgium, among others. In Poland, small-scale pilot projects related to carbon capture are being carried out. Kujawy Go4ECOPlanet is the first project that will capture 100% of the carbon dioxide emitted by a cement plant through the use of the Cryocap™ FG technology.