Kujawy Cement Plant will become the first zero-emission cement plant in Poland and one of the first of its kind in the world.
This is another and the largest modern technology investment by Lafarge in Poland aiming to effectively exclude carbon dioxide emissions from the cement (clinker) production process to accelerate the decarbonisation of the construction sector.
Part of the investment funding comes from the EU’s Innovation Fund programme – it is financed from e.g. CO2 emission fees under the ETS (Emissions Trading Scheme).
Lafarge and the Innovation Fund (CINEA European Agency) signed the project grant agreement in Brussels on 19 January 2023. The total project costs for 10+ years are €380m. The investment costs (CAPEX) are €265m. The EU’s co-financing amounts to €228m.
Decarbonisation of cement and construction sectors
Lafarge has already made a number of investments in modernising the production of building materials that help to reduce CO2 emissions. Over the past three years, significant steps have been taken by Lafarge in Poland to accelerate decarbonisation. It has introduced low carbon cements (ECOPlanet) and concretes (ECOPact). Lafarge has increased the use of alternative fuels from non-recyclable waste and decarbonised materials (as raw materials) to reduce emissions in its production of clinker, the key component of cement. The second cement plant in Małogoszcz is also being modernised – the construction works are currently underway.
Innovative technologies, such as those focussed on capturing CO2, are essential to reduce emissions from production processes – in particular the decomposition of calcium carbonate during the cement clinker manufacturing process. The Kujawy Go4ECOPlanet project will capture 100% of the emissions so that the Kujawy Cement Plant will produce one of the first zero-emission cements in Europe. All these measures, combined with CO2 capture efforts, will translate into a significant reduction in the carbon footprint of concrete as well as of the entire construction industry, thus supporting the development of genuinely green buildings and other infrastructure.
Complete CCS chain
The application of CO2 capture on an industrial scale will allow this technology to be replicated in other cement plants and industries around the world. The installation will be based on the Air Liquide's Cryocap™ FG technology that separates carbon dioxide from gases emitted into the atmosphere. In the first stage, once captured, CO2 will be liquefied and transported by rail to a transhipment point at a seaport – and from there, ships will deliver it to the North Sea, and it will be injected into a depleted oil field for permanent storage. The transport and storing of carbon dioxide in the port and its successive storage in the North Sea will be feasible due to collaboration with other partners with expertise and experience in liquefaction, transport, and gas storage. The goal is to create a complete carbon capture and storage chain.
The Go4ECOPlanet project implements the objectives of the European Green Deal and the Polish government's strategy – the primary goal of both is to achieve climate neutrality by 2050. The design process as well as concluding the agreements with project partners are all scheduled for 2023. The commissioning is planned for 2027.
The first zero-emission cement plant in Europe is to be built in 2027 in Poland, in the Kujawy region. Lafarge is in the process of implementing the GO4ECOPLANET project, under which 100 percent of the carbon dioxide produced by Cementownia Kujawy will be captured.